The Islamic mosques differ that founded by Muslims in the regions and cities between one and another, and they differ in terms of merits and space, of bigness and smallness, of luxury and sophistication and of class.

They also differ in terms of the mosques that will satisfy Allah Almighty and the mosques that do not please Him Almighty. The mosques that satisfy Him Almighty, are those normal blessed mosques that built by faithful believers. These mosques are usually known as (blessed mosques), for instance, the first one (the mosque of Greatest Messenger) or Quba' mosque in Medina.

The mosques that do not please Him Almighty are those damned mosques, which built by hypocrites, enemies of Allah, for example, Dharar mosque built beside Quba' mosque.

This comparison between the two types of mosques stated in the Glorious Qur'an. The mosques of Quba' that is the mosque of piety according to Qur'an expression compared with mosque of Dharar and both mosque have mentioned. Allah Almighty said:

{And as for those who chose a place of worship out of opposition and disbelief, and in order to cause dissent among the believers, and as outpost for those who warred against Allah and His messenger aforetime, they will surely swear: we purposed naught save good. Allah witness that they verily are liars* Never stand (to pray) there. A place of worship, which was founded upon duty (to Allah) from the first day is more worthy that you should stand (to pray) therein, wherein are men who love to purify themselves. Allah love the purifiers.}([1]).

In the descent of these honorable verses, the expositors said ((Bani Amru Bin A'auf built Quba mosque. when they finished it, they sent to Allah's messenger (Allah bless him and his family)to come to them, so he went to them and prayed in the mosque.

A group of hypocrites from Bani Qinm Bin A'auf envied Bani Amru. They said," we will build a mosque in which we will pray and will never attend with the group of Mohammed. They were twelve man, and others said that they were fifteen man. Among them were Tha'labh Bin Hatab, Muta'aib Bin Qushayr and Nabtel Bin Harith. Therefore, Bani Qinm built a mosque beside Quba' mosque. When they finished it, they came to Allah's messenger (Allah bless him and his family) while he was ready to go to Tabuk battle saying: " O, messenger of Allah, we have built a mosque for urgent need, for a rainy night and a cold night. We like to come and pray in the mosque to bless it". Allah's messenger said, "I am travelling now, when we will return back, Allah Willing, I will come and pray in your mosque. These verses descended concerning the mosque, when Allah's messenger went to Tabuk.))([2]).

For this reason, the Glorious Qur'an states two kinds of mosques, those of a goodness, a piety and a blessing satisfying Allah Almighty, and mosques that are not blessed and are damned and have harms on people.

Undoubtedly, the great majority of mosques are blessed and good ones, but the land does not empty from damned mosques… the first one is Dharar mosque that mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an compared to Quba' mosque of goodness. The meaning of Dharar as al-Zamakhshari says (("Dara rah" is a harm for their brothers, the owner of Quba' of goodness.))([3]).

If the kufa mosque was one of the blessed and good mosques, which the prophets, trustees and good people blessed for its divine goal: the prayer, the worship and the managing of the affairs of goodness for all people. Surely, in al-Kufa, there are many blessed good mosques presented many religious secular services, which were less than the inclusive mosque, the mother Kufa mosque. 

Besides, the mother mosque (the great inclusive mosque) and other blessed mosques in al-Kufa, on the contrary, there are mosques founded not to Allah Al-mighty or to service religion and society, such mosques are damned ones like first Dharar mosque that mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an.

Imam Abu Jafar (peace be upon him) referred to these two types existing in al-Kufa. He said ((in al-Kufa, damned mosques as well as blessed ones.The blessed mosques are

Qhani mosque, by Allah, its Qibla is a justice and its mud is good. It built by faithful believer. The life will not end until two springs gushed from it,  and it will have two paradises, but its people cursed and it stolen from them.

Banu Dhafr mosque, which is al-Sahla mosque

A mosque in al-Khamrah

In addition, Ja'afi mosque and today it is not their mosque([4]).

There are those who add Yunis Bin Mati mosque that is on the rear of al-Bakhsa.

Some of our companions from Abi Abdullah (peace be upon him) mentioned the damned mosque. Abu Abdullah said "Amir al-Mu'minin (Allah's prayers be upon him) in al-Kufa, forbids the prayer in:

1. Al-Asha'th Bin Qais mosque

2. Jarir Bin Abdullah al-Bajali mosque

3. Samak Bin Makhrama mosque

4. ShabIth Bin Raba'ai mosque

5. Taym mosque([5]).

Actually, there are a large number of mosques, which number is more than of mosques in other Islamic cities. It is difficult to account the mosques of the Kufa history since its establishment until nowadays.

In a study by Dr. Hisham jia'ayit on the different types of al-Kufa mosques, both the blessed and damned mosques, he mentioned, "they are mosques being the subject of reverence or a curse, according to the circumstances. One must distinguish between the inclusive mosque called the greatest Mosque sometimes and the dedicated one to the Friday prayer and all official prayers that begin in sermon and a meeting of the nation under the supervision of the governor, and other increasing simple mosques.

The greatest mosque has a special status not because it was larger than others were, but because of its great functions and its great symbolism. On the contrary, of that, the normal mosques do not exist as original mosques, but they founded according to tribal plans after the first period, as mosques carried a person name, or mosques relating to the clan but not to the tribe. One can assume that if there was a mosque for every tribe in al-Kufa, once upon a time, after 100 years certainly, this will increase the number of mosques to be more than a hundred.

The proliferation of the buildings of the worship and its extension across all urban space as well as having the greatest centralized mosque, all of this is forming each Islamic future city, and thus, it is the legacy of the first century. This thing emphasizes strongly that the regions should be headquarter and center for the purpose of making the Arabs Muslim themselves beside the presence of other two roles as a focus point for the migration and the supervision and as guards of the countries as the same time.

If the great mosque is located in the public space, al-most all other mosques fall within the possession of the tribe or clans classification([6])

Then Dr. Hisham Dja'ayit gives a list of (the Kufa mosques) and we will mention the names of mosques as a complement for the research.

A list of the Kufa mosques as mentioned by Dr. Hisham Dja'ayit:

- Abd Qais mosque or Dhfir, it may be al-Sahla

- Abu Dawod or al-Qasas mosque

- A'audi Bin Hatam mosque

- Ahmas mosque or Mizina or Bariq mosque

- Al-Ansar mosque

- Asha'ath or al-Jawashin mosque

- Bani Abdullah Bin Daram mosque

- Bani Aa'dai mosque

- Bani Aanz mosque

- Bani Aud or Bani Firn mosque

- Bani al- Bida' mosque

- Bani Budlat mosque

- Bani Dhil mosque

- Bani Judhaimah mosque

- Bani Dahman mosque

- Bani Hilal mosque

- Bani Kahil or Amir al-Mu'minin mosque

- Bani Makhzum mosque

- Bani al-Maqasf mosque

- Bani Muorah mosque

- Bani al-Sayeid mosque

-Bani Shitan mosque

- Bani Jarir Bin Abdullah al-Bajali mosque

- Ja'afi mosque

- Qhani mosque

- Al-Hamra- mosque

- Al-Nikha'a mosque

- A mosque existed in al-Hamra

- Al-Sukun mosque

- Sa'asa'ah Bin Suhan mosque

- Shabith mosque

- Samak mosque or al-Hawafir or Bin Halik mosque

- Taym mosque

- Thaqif mosque([7]).


[1]. The repentance Surah/ verse 17-18.

[2]. Mujama' al- Bayan fi Tafser al-Koran/ al-Fadhel al-Tabrisi: VL 5/109.

[3]. al-Kashief/ al- Zamakhshari: 2/295, Tarikh al-Tabari: 5/109.

[4]. Furua'a al-Kafi/a-Kuliyni:VL 3/486.

[5]. al-Kufa/fadhil al Kufa wa fadhil Ahlaha wa masajidah/ majmua'at bihuth/p102.

[6]. al-Kufa/ Nashat al-Madina al-Arabiya al-Islamiya/Dr. Hisham ja'ayit: p413-414.

[7]. Al-Kufa/Nashat al-Madinat al-A'arabiya al-Islamiya/Dr.Hisham Ja'ayit: p415-416.